One of the best feature to have with Emacs when doing python development is to have a real time syntax error/warning check highlighted in your code to avoid many errors or superfluous code.
This code is taken from the brillant Emacswiki python page.
You need to install pyflakes first which should be available on your linux distro by default in a package or for the other OS you may follow the procedure from the pyflakes webpage.
and add this configuration to your .emacs :
(when (load "flymake" t) (defun flymake-pyflakes-init () (let* ((temp-file (flymake-init-create-temp-buffer-copy 'flymake-create-temp-inplace)) (local-file (file-relative-name temp-file (file-name-directory buffer-file-name)))) (list "pyflakes" (list local-file)))) (add-to-list 'flymake-allowed-file-name-masks '("\.py\'" flymake-pyflakes-init)))
make sure pyflakes is in your path and enable flymake-mode by default if you like for all python mode :
(add-hook 'python-mode-hook 'my-python-mode-hook)
go by M-x customize flymake as well if you like to customise some variables.